Pros & Cons Of The Jit Inventory System

Just in Time Inventory

JIT is an inventory-management system that aims to help businesses have just enough inventory readily available to meet current demand while avoiding excess. There are many pros and cons for a small business to consider before adopting a JIT system. Just-in-time/TPS implementations may be found in many case-study articles from the 1980s and beyond.

Just in Time Inventory

Several inventory management systems offer a wide range of benefits. Keep your unique requirements in mind and you’ll be able to figure out which inventory management software works just right for your business. You can use our free comparison report to help you make that perfect choice. SAP S/4HANA is an integrated ERP solution that has embedded analytics, industry best practices, artificial intelligence , robotic process automation capabilities and much more. It offers financial management, asset management, supply chain management, production planning, contract management and procurement capabilities.

Why Do Companies Use The Just In Time Method?

Possible idling and downtime when there during the off-peak production season. Maintain healthy cashflow by ordering small stocks only when necessary. Having a reliable production system with little or absolute zero breakdowns during manufacturing. Thorough understanding by the manufacturer of sales cycles and the ability to forecast seasonal fluctuations in demand. The essence of JIT inventory is to maintain a constant level of quality to eliminate any defects or reworks. Sometimes, you can meet great opportunities, and you might not be ready with the goods to fulfill your needs.

JIT inventory is a meticulously planned supply chain management system for efficiency to reduce errors and stock handling expenses. Warehouses can be expensive, and excess inventory can increase your holding cost.

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JIT, or just in time, is an inventory model where the raw materials you use or products you sell are delivered to your warehouse only as you need them. This involves staying in constant contact with your suppliers to ensure goods arrive at the optimal time. Many manufacturers choose this model to streamline their processes and save valuable resources. Just-in-time inventory management is a positive cost-cutting inventory management strategy, although it can also lead to stockouts. The goal of JIT is to improve a company’s return on investment by reducing non-essential costs. The main objective of a just in time inventory system is to improve production efficiency while reducing cost and waste.

There’s a significant amount of plastic packaging waste and carboard that’s heavily taped may not be recyclable. Each last-mile shipment may also require a truck that’s powered by gasoline or diesel fuel. Plus, there are internal costs to opening, unpacking, and breaking down Just in Time Inventory all of those boxes in your facility. This overhaul can require a larger commitment of time and money, two resources most small businesses simply don’t have in great supply. And, depending on your business needs, and for the reasons listed, JIT may not work for your company.


This all starts with an asset management plan that analyzes overall maintenance operations and ensures organizations can retain production and business continuity in these uncertain supply chain times. Having control and readily available spare parts and raw materials just when they are needed is a profitable proposition when it works. However, these days there are industrial, societal and market factors way beyond users’ influence that make it difficult to achieve this goal. While there will always be some level of supply chain disruptions, this perfect storm of disruptions forced manufacturers to reconsider how achievable just-in-time manufacturing is. In JIT inventory system, the resources are supplied locally, the employment rates in those areas will open up for many complementary businesses. As the manufacturing of products is only done when required, raw materials have to be produced locally, thereby reducing transportation time and cost. Just-in-time inventory is a production system designed to cut costs and optimize logistics by delivering and receiving materials and parts right when they are needed, never too early or late.

Just in Time Inventory

This requires a lot of planning and insight into your sales trends. Since you don’t have time to inspect goods every time they arrive, JIT suppliers are usually certified for quality. This means you can trust the materials that arrive are up to standard. The objective of this prompt is to help you discover that the JIT model is truly revolutionary and has resulted in certain companies becoming dominant players in their industries. With NetSuite, you go live in a predictable timeframe — smart, stepped implementations begin with sales and span the entire customer lifecycle, so there’s continuity from sales to services to support. Shifting to JIT or any new system requires preparation, research and buy-in. Find out how to increase profits and streamline productivity by reading the guide to inventory planning.

Video: What Is Jit Inventory Management?

Everything from processing customer orders to ordering and tracking inventory needs to be done correctly each time. That requires proper job training and professional management in place. Xiaomi manages a small inventory by releasing limited quantities of its mobile phones per week. The drawback to this strategy is that eager consumers have to wait for the items to hit the stores – resulting in potential lost sales. Still, Xiaomi still benefits from keeping costs down and eliminating wastage.

A management review decides the roles and functions of the worker, plans out schedules and checks out load points and capacity level. This allows them to develop great relationships with their customers while giving each order 100% care and attention. The leather design studio you see in this article uses just-in-time inventory to full effect. They manufacture high-end leather goods like bags, purses, wallets, and accessories. As long as you are proactive with management, disasters will never catch you off-guard. This means the best system to track inventory is a perpetual inventory method. If your assets are all in your inventory, there’s not much they can do.

  • Not every just-in-time inventory system will be suitable for businesses of different sizes, or even in different industries.
  • A CMMS allows organizations to establish a minimum or maximum count for all parts, and as teams move through parts, the technology automatically keeps track.
  • If that is the case, they can easily go to a competitor who can deliver the product much more quickly with a more efficient inventory system.
  • There is no need to do calculations by hand, figure out the best time to reorder stock, or micromanage staff.
  • According to Williams, it becomes necessary to find suppliers that are close by or can supply materials quickly with limited advance notice.

The goal would then be to time your production rates and forecast demand so you receive your replenishment order just in time to avoid a stockout. Following this pattern on an ongoing basis ensures you don’t have to store more components than you actually need. If you’re looking to maintain a steady supply of products while keeping inventory costs low, a JIT system may be right for your business.

Plan a course of action for all the things that could go wrong using just-in-time inventory. Repurpose empty space — Once you have cleared excess stock, you can find a way to make that space make money, rather than cost you. Reduce on-hand stock — There’s no need to keep a mountain of backup stock.

Cons Of Just In Time Inventory

By receiving goods only as they need them for the production process, it reduces inventory costs and wastage, and increases productivity and profit. The downside is that it requires producers to forecast demand accurately as the benefits can be nullified by minor delays in the supply chain. It may also impact negatively on workers due to added stress and inflexible conditions. A successful operation depends on a company having regular outputs, high-quality processes, and reliable suppliers. There are a multitude of improvements related to JIT inventory, particularly in relation to reduced cash requirements and the ease with which manufacturing problems can be uncovered. One advantage of JIT inventory is that the investment in working capital is minimized. Another advantage is that, with inventory levels so low, there is little risk of having much obsolete inventory.

  • If you are in the US and ordering materials from overseas, then this might make JIT unworkable.
  • Here are some examples of companies that use the JIT inventory method.
  • Since they don’t acquire or assemble supplies until a computer or product has been purchased, Dell is able to respond quickly to market trends and customer feedback through its JIT system.
  • A just-in-time inventory system is a strategy in which raw material orders from suppliers are aligned with production schedules.
  • Managers then seek to streamline the inventory process by making small inventory purchases to stock up on only what’s needed.

But, a just-in-time inventory system is not exactly what it seems. There are many misconceptions about what JIT is, and a small business would do well to weigh the pros and cons before adopting this complex inventory system.

JIT inventory is used to help keep cost down, free up physical space, and reduce defect rates. However, a JIT system could also work for a new, low-budget business with limited space for product storage. Just keep in mind that such a system would probably benefit from continuous improvement as you develop your supply chain and manufacturing processes. Cloud-based inventory management systems often provide real-time inventory tracking, meaning you can see down-to-the-minute details on your stock levels. This allows you to better time your replenishment orders so you can renew your supply as soon as it’s needed.

Just in Time Inventory

Katana lets your management become more effective, as it takes care of repetitive tasks. Have a backup plan— All of the above is contingent on your ability to deal with a supply-chain breakdown. You don’t sign up to AAA after your car has stranded you in the middle of nowhere.

Discover the products that 31,000+ customers depend on to fuel their growth. Eiji Toyoda and Taiichi Ohno, Japanese industrial engineers, created the system when Toyota Motor Company recognized that U.S. carmakers of that era were outpacing their Japanese counterparts. After some testing, they established the Toyota production system and closed the gap between 1945 and 1970.

Fast equipment setup times make it economical to create very short production runs, which reduces the investment in finished goods inventory. A potential disadvantage is that the producing company rarely has any extra stock on hand to fill unexpected orders, which can create two possible problems. The first is that if a customer needs an order filled immediately, the company is unlikely to be able to provide the needed goods because they don’t keep a large, general inventory supply on hand.

The JIT inventory system is about having the lowest inventory amounts possible in order to minimize inventory costs, increase efficiency and reduce waste. By keeping little inventory and essentially producing on demand, Tesla can minimize the amount of capital and risk tied up with storing excess inventory. In addition, the wait encourages additional customization, a premium that many of their paid customers might not have chosen to pay for if they could immediately drive a stock car off the lot. JIT inventory management is used today by businesses in industries ranging from retail to fast food to tech.

Examples Of Successful Jit In Action

The JIT inventory system aligns production schedules with the delivery of supplies. These systems increase efficiency and decrease waste by receiving goods on an as-needed basis.

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